Which is better: the white, white, or white, black, or blue?
A new study suggests that the color of a house can have a huge impact on whether a person is able to access affordable housing in the area.
The study, published in the journal Housing Connections, found that black households tend to have more than twice as many “negative” and “negative-positive” units in the neighborhood than white households.
These negative units are typically built with lower-quality materials, which can cause a lot of wear and tear, the study found.
“Negative units tend to be less than desirable, so when they are boarded up, they are more expensive,” said lead author Kelli Jentzen, a housing researcher at Harvard University’s Kennedy School.
“This is a problem because a lot people with high levels of income and poverty live in high-priced, high-crime areas.”
Jentzen and her co-author, John C. Hagerty, a senior research associate at Harvard’s Institute for Urban Affairs, were interested in the question of how white households are able to afford to live in communities that are predominantly black.
They looked at the rental market in more than 300 census tracts throughout Massachusetts, including some of the most affluent suburbs in the state, as well as in neighborhoods that were predominantly African American.
They then looked at how the neighborhoods were characterized by crime, housing costs, and whether residents were able to move in with family members to avoid displacement.
“This is really a qualitative study that takes into account a lot more than just the properties themselves,” said Hagerity, a research associate with the Harvard Housing Policy Research Center.
“What we found was that there is a strong relationship between the type of housing that people own and how affordable they are in a neighborhood.
It is not just about the houses that are white.”
The findings indicate that neighborhoods that have high levels the number of “negative units” are generally more expensive than other neighborhoods, according to the study.
“When you look at the negative units, you really see the value in being able to get a decent, affordable apartment.
But what you also see is that the properties are also very expensive, and that is really what you need to understand to make the right choices for your housing needs,” said Jentz.
“The value of a low-income home is not in how much money it has, it’s in the quality of the house.”
While white households have more positive units than black households, their housing costs are often higher, which makes it more difficult to access housing.
For example, a white household in Boston spends $6,500 on their home, compared to $1,000 on a black household in the same neighborhood.
This difference could be due to differences in home ownership rates.
“If you are a black family and you live in a black neighborhood, then you probably need more expensive housing because you need that $6K per year, whereas if you are white, you probably don’t need more,” said Bessie G. Brown, a co-founder of the Housing Connectations project.
Brown said the findings also show that housing prices and property values are not as important as income.
For instance, a $1 million home in Boston is still worth less than a $200,000 home in San Francisco.
“People tend to look at property values and not at housing values,” said Brown.
“So we need to look more broadly at how those factors are impacting the ability to afford a home.
We need to think about housing as more than what it is.
We also need to talk about equity.”
The researchers found that the most expensive neighborhoods in Massachusetts have the highest levels of “positive” and negative units.
In the cities of Boston, Cambridge, and Cambridge, negative units account for 20 percent of the units.
The highest concentrations of negative units were found in Somerville, Mass., which has the highest percentage of “very low” units.
In Cambridge, positive units are concentrated in the upper-middle-class neighborhoods.
These neighborhoods include the affluent, well-off areas of South Boston, Roxbury, and Roxbury.
The most affluent areas of Cambridge include the Chinatown neighborhood, Chinatown and the affluent areas surrounding Chinatown.
In Somerville and Roxborough, positive-positive units are found in the middle of the socioeconomic spectrum.
These areas include areas of low- and moderate-income families and working-class families.
These types of communities have higher income and income-related issues than the other neighborhoods in Boston, Hagery said.
The authors also found that low- to moderate- income households tend not to be able to rent units in low-to-moderate-income neighborhoods, which may contribute to the high prices of units in these neighborhoods.
The researchers concluded that low to moderate income households in Massachusetts are more likely to live on the Lower East Side and other areas that are mostly black.
“It is also important to look across all